Endometriosis, a common cause of infertility among women, is estimated to affect between 30% and 40% of those who are infertile. Endometriosis is not a sign of infertility. However, it can increase your chances of becoming infertile if you have the condition. To learn more about the relationship between endometriosis and fertility visit Endometriosis Association.
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Endometriosis refers to a condition where cells that are similar to those in the uterine line grow outside of the uterus. Endometriosis cells are found most often outside the uterus. They can be found on the ovaries and fallopian tubes as well as the outer surface of the uterus or the pelvic cavity. Endometriosis is a condition in which the cells don't shed every month. They can bleed a little but they heal and are stimulated again by the next cycle.
Endometriosis can be characterized by painful periods and pelvic pain. You might feel pain when you urinate or bleeding from the back. The severity of symptoms can vary from person to person.
There are many theories about the causes of infertility and endometriosis. There are several theories: retrograde menstruation, where some menstrual fluid is pushed up from the uterus and fills the pelvic cavity.
There is currently no cure for endometriosis or infertility, as the causes are unknown. There are however treatments that can be used to manage the symptoms. These include heavy bleeding, pain relief, slowing down the growth of endometrial tissue, and fertility. There are many options for pain relief, including surgery and hormonal treatments. After consultation with her doctor, the specific treatment option will depend on her individual needs, her fertility wishes, and her age.